Neuralgia can result when these nerves are stimulated by compression, distortion, other forms of irritation, or lesions in the peripheral or central pathways. A common characteristic of this pain is a paroxysmal (very short-lasting), sharp, stabbing, or electric shock–like quality felt in the area innervated by the involved nerve and hence the so-called neuralgia.
Neuropathic pain is pain caused by damage or disease affecting the somatosensory nervous system. Neuropathic pain may be associated with abnormal sensations called dysesthesia or pain from normally non-painful stimuli (allodynia). It may have continuous and/or episodic (paroxysmal) components.
Pharmacology treatment and non-pharmacology options, referral to Neurologist.